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中国高校人工智能专业最全院校排名&课程对比

    本文来自微信公众号:新智元(ID:AI_era),来源:知乎、清华大学、北京大学等,编辑:金磊、张佳、鹏飞,标题图来自视觉中国,原标题《【AI志愿超强攻略】中国高校人工智能专业最全院校排名&课程对比》,
,新智元导读:,
,
,世界上最遥远的距离,不是你高考没发挥好,而是没有选对志愿!,
,近几日,各地高分数陆续出炉,一心向往人工智能的考生们在激动之余,又迎来了另一个难以抉择的问题:AI专业哪家强?,
,,
,人工智能专业很难选吗?,
,就在高考前70天,教育部印发通知,公布了2018年度普通高等学校本科专业备案和审批结果。,
,最近大热的人工智能专业被列入新增审批本科专业名单,全国共有35所高校获首批建设资格。,
,今年上半年,就陆续有高校成立人工智能学院的消息放出,例如西安交通大学、人民大学、北京师范大学等等。,
,那么问题来了,想要就读人工智能专业的学生到底该如何抉择呢?新智元便整理了一份人工智能学院报考指南以及部分高校计算机课程攻略,希望对你有所帮助!,
,你真的了解人工智能吗?,
,在报考之前,有必要了解一下人工智能是什么以及人工智能学什么,我们整理了清华大学计算机系自然语言处理实验室副教授刘知远的知乎问答,先来听听他介绍人工智能吧。,
,人工智能是什么?,
,刘知远:人工智能(Artificial Intelligence,AI)是一门年轻的学科,从1956年达特茅斯会议正式提出AI名称至今不过65年;从阿兰图灵1950年提出判断机器是否能够思考的图灵测试至今也不过70年时间。AI的70年发展史汇集了来自数学、计算机科学、逻辑学、哲学、神经科学、语言学等不同领域学者的努力,是典型的交叉学科。同时,从整体来看AI仍然是计算机科学技术的主要分支。,
,人工智能是什么?简言之,人工智能学科是利用计算机实现人类智能。人类智能并没有公认的定义与界限,实际上也随着AI的发展而有所变化。某项人类技能被计算机所掌握后,人们往往不再认为它代表人类"真正"的智能。例如,1997年IBM深蓝战胜人类国际象棋冠军卡斯帕罗夫后,就有评论说IBM计算机只是在暴力搜索,不是真正的智能,that's not thinking!这种现象又被称为"AI Effect"。,
,所以,人工智能总是聚焦在那些尚未被计算机破解的人类智能能力上。比较简单的人类智能已经被解决了,例如计数能力有了计算器,数据记忆和查询有了数据库,下棋能力有了下棋软件,剩下的是那些困难的高级智能。简单而言,如果我们把大脑看做一个黑盒,它能够接受外部世界的刺激信号,大脑处理这些信号产生输出反馈,人类智能正体现在这些"刺激-反馈"的对应中。针对不同刺激信号和反馈处理的复杂性,AI下面有很多专门的领域开展相关研究和探索。目前,公认的AI核心课题包括:机器学习、计算机视觉、自然语言处理、语音识别、知识表示与计算、推理与规划等等,并在此基础上支持着许多重要应用场景如无人驾驶(无人车)、机器人等。,
,机器学习:旨在让计算机具备自动学习的能力,能够解决分类、聚类、回归、关联分析等任务。目前主流是从大规模数据中自动学习和总结规律,从而能够对新的数据进行预测,也被称为统计机器学习。简单地讲,机器学习是从大量"刺激-反馈"数据中自动总结规律的技术。,
,计算机视觉:旨在让计算机理解和处理图像数据(包括图片、视频等),使计算机掌握"看"的能力。图像是典型的无结构数据,由像素组成,如何从一幅图像中自动识别不同层次的对象(如轮廓、人脸、场景等)及其复杂关联,是计算机视觉面临的挑战问题。,
,语音识别:旨在让计算机理解和处理语音数据,使计算机掌握"听"的能力。语音也是一种典型的无结构序列数据,目前在深度学习技术的支持下,普通场景的语音转文本的效果已经得到广泛应用。而在多人、方言、噪音、远场等极端挑战场景下,语音识别效果还需要进一步提升。,
,自然语言处理:旨在让计算机理解和处理人类语言。与C++、Java等人工设计的编程语言不同,人类语言是大自然的产物,因此被称为"自然语言"。人类语言也是典型的无结构数据,由字词组合而成,如何理解一句话、一篇文章甚至一本书的意思,也是人工智能面临的挑战问题。由于语言是人类特有的传递丰富信息和知识、表达复杂思想和情绪的载体,甚至被认为是人类思考的重要工具,因此自然语言处理问题更接近人类高级认知智能,有很多重要的开放问题。,
,知识表示与计算:人类对世界的认识积累形成了知识,知识是人类理解外部信息、实现各种智能能力的基础。近年来随着知识图谱的广泛应用,成为研究界和工业界关注的重点问题。,
,由于上述这些课题都关涉人类智能,所以互相密切关联、不分彼此,例如计算机视觉、语音识别和自然语言处理都是机器学习算法的重要应用场景,知识表示与计算也成为计算机视觉和自然语言处理方向的重要话题等等。正因为年轻,这些方向都充满着活力,一方面最新技术日益深远地影响着人类社会生活的方方面面,同时学科体系和技术框架也在日新月异、推陈出新,现在去翻十年前的教材很多内容都显得过时了。,
,从学科设置来看,国内大学遵照教育部《学位授予和人才培养学科目录》来颁发学位。最初的计算机一级学科是"计算机科学与技术",下设"计算机系统结构"、"计算机软件与理论"、"计算机应用技术"三个二级学科,其中"计算机系统结构"对应高性能计算(超算)和计算机网络体系架构(互联网),后来单独成立出"网络空间安全"一级学科;"计算机软件与理论"对应软件工程和计算机理论科学等,后来单独成立出"软件工程"一级学科;而"计算机应用技术"则对应计算机的各类应用技术,很大程度上正沿着从信息化到自动化再到智能化的路线前进,可以想见,如果现在这波AI浪潮还能持续几年,单独成立"人工智能"一级学科也指日可待。,
,从研究配置来看,AI研究队伍主要分布在计算机、自动化、电子工程等信息科学相关院系中,这与AI起源有密切关系,计算机的奠基人图灵、冯诺依曼,自动化的主要理论基础"控制论"的奠基人维纳,以及电子工程和信号处理的主要组成"信息论"的奠基人香农,均为AI的创立贡献了思想。所以,计算机系主要从计算理论和计算机应用的角度研究AI,自动化系从自动控制的角度理解AI,电子工程系则从信号处理(将AI关心的视觉、文本、听觉等模态理解问题看做信号处理)的角度解读AI。,
,当然,在哲学、脑神经等其他领域也有从事人工智能探索的学者。不过总体而言,由于人工智能核心目标是探索如何将人类智能转化为可计算问题,因此它主要还是落在计算机领域。,
,如果希望对AI发展有比较通俗全面的了解,可以参考以下两本书:《人工智能狂潮》虽然标题名略显中二,内容比较扎实,浅显全面并及时涵盖到最近的深度学习浪潮;《人工智能简史》是华人尼克的大作,作者搜集的史料全面扎实,夹叙夹议有很多干货,读起来很过瘾,不过很多地方点到即止,如果没有相关背景知识很难看懂作者所指。,
,人工智能怎么学?,
,刘知远:清华大学章程明确提出“价值塑造、能力培养、知识传授”三位一体的育人模式,我认为这是高水平AI人才养成方式的最佳描述。,
,知识传授这层不必多说,师者传道受业解惑,在大学里通过课程讲授和课下实践,研习精通计算机和人工智能理论与技术,每位同学通过一门门课程成绩反映出的,正是专业知识掌握的水平。我想,绝大部分同学都能明白课程学习的重要性。然而,大学之道不仅于此,不然大学就不过是个专业技校。,
,在知识传授之上就要构筑能力培养,这对CS/AI专业而言尤其重要。计算机和人工智能是非常年轻的学科,正处在飞速发展的朝阳时期,学科知识更新换代很快,大部分最新知识根本无法在短时间内及时沉淀到教科书中。而进入教科书的那些知识,与实际应用场景往往已有较大距离。很多CS/AI高科技公司自身就站在学科最前沿,亟需有快速学习和独立解决开放问题能力的人才。,
,这样,一方面要求同学有意识建立终身学习的理念,有较强的独立学习的能力;另一方面则要求同学注意通过实验室研究等方式锻炼科研创新能力。CS/AI同学们需要主动参与科研工作的全过程,树立专业志趣,培养独立学习的能力、自我学习的习惯、提出问题的意识,以及独立解决开放问题的能力,这是大学培养CS/AI高水平人才的必由之路。因此,大学教师在CS/AI开展高水平原创研究的能力,也一定程度上决定了他们对学生进行能力培养的水平。,
,最后一层价值塑造也许是最玄乎的,但更加重要。一个人在知识和能力确定的情况下,Ta的努力方向和坚持程度最终决定其成长的高度。找到在术业上的坚持方向,就是价值塑造的过程。这个过程绝不是简单粗暴的灌输和宣讲就能实现的,要有高水平的教师一起教学相长,有志存高远的同学共同努力拼搏,有各界奋斗的学长作为示范榜样,有校外海外的实践平台广开视野。实践出真知,只有自己多听多看多想,才能找到自己喜欢的、努力的方向,也才更有后劲坚持不懈。,
,所以,不管是人工智能、计算机专业还是其他什么专业,只要想把自己培养成为该领域的可堪大用之才,就需要从知识、能力和价值这三个层面来努力提升自己。,
,院校那么多,人工智能到底该去哪学?,
,在了解完“什么是人工智能”以及“人工智能怎么学”之后,最重要的问题来了——该去哪儿学?,
,不同高校的人工智能专业从师资水平、课程设置等各个方面都有所区别,这就需要有一个量化的指标来对其进行评价。,
,本文将继续采用刘知远老师推荐、UMass教授Emery Berger维护的高校计算机科学领域排名CSRankings。,
,CSRankings采用DBLP数据库中大学CS/AI教授在不同方向顶级会议上发表的论文数量进行排名,有客观确切数据支持,例如美国号称CS四大名校的Stanford、MIT、UCB和CMU就排在美国前四位。同时CSRankings工程和数据全部开源在GitHub上,可以非常方便地进行检查、复现和扩展。,
,CSRankings将CS划分为AI、Systems、Theory、Interdisciplinary Areas四个一级方向,每个方向有有若干子领域,例如AI就又下分General AI(AI总方向)、Computer Vision(计算机视觉)、Machine Learning & Data Mining(机器学习与数据挖掘)、Natural Language Processing(自然语言处理)、The Web & Information Retrieval(互联网与信息检索)。,
,每个子领域只收录2~3个顶级会议,这主要是因为计算机科学技术由于发展比较快,所以学者们更重视通过国际会议论文发表最新成果进行学术交流,而不像其他领域那样主要是通过期刊发表最新研究成果。,
,CSRankings:http://csrankings.org/#/fromyear/2018/toyear/2019/index?ai&vision&mlmining&nlp&ir&world,
,大家只需要勾选感兴趣的AI专业,即可看到对应高校的排名。,
,,
,下图显示了AI专业高校的综合排名TOP 20:,
,,
,新智元查询了2018~2019年CSRankings排名Top 20,中国高校已用红色框标出,按照排名顺序分别是:,
,清华大学、北京大学、中国科学院、上海交通大学、浙江大学、复旦大学和香港科技大学。,
,除此之外,刘知远老师在知乎中还提供了国内学术网站AMiner所做的一个改进版,除了提供中国高校单列名单外,还额外提供根据论文引用数量的排名。按照2009~2019十年间论文发表统计,刘老师简单统计了国内AI/CS排名较高的高校(不含香港台湾高校、不考虑中科院)如下:,
,,
,这个排序大致能够反映各大高校CS/AI专业的国际学术前沿整体水平,而且通过AI领域和CS整体的排名反差,可以观察到该高校AI方向的强势程度,例如复旦的AI排名高于其CS排名2位,哈工大AI排名高于CS排名3位等等,说明这两所大学的AI方向相对比较强势。,
,而且,还可以看出,国内高校AI领域的世界排名整体明显超过CS整体的世界排名,说明国内高校在AI方面更接近世界前沿水平。,
,需要注意:,
,接下来,新智元将对CSRankings排名较高的几所高校进行介绍。,
,清华大学——“姚班”、“智班”,
,清华大学 :计算机科学实验班(姚班),
,“清华学堂计算机科学实验班”(姚班)由世界著名计算机科学家姚期智院士于2005年创办,致力于培养与美国麻省理工学院、普林斯顿大学等世界一流高校本科生具有同等、甚至更高竞争力的领跑国际拔尖创新计算机科学人才,重点着眼于计算机科学与物理学、数学、生命科学、经济学等相关学科的学科交叉培养。凭借多年美国名校执教经验,施行“因材施教”和“深耕精耕”相结合的特色人才培养模式。,
,,姚期智 院士,
,在姚期智院士亲力亲为的不懈努力下,姚班的办学理念和办学成果得到了国家领导人及教育部的充分肯定和大力支持,并先后荣获北京市教学成果奖特等奖和国家级教学成果奖一等奖。历经十余载办学,今日姚班已有三百多位优秀校友遍布全球,在国际一流高校与知名企业崭露头角,并在全球信息技术革命浪潮中引领创新。姚班“最优秀的本科生和最优秀的本科教育”的办学理念和办学成果为国内拔尖创新人才培养模式的探索树立了突出典范。,
,姚期智院士躬亲教学第一线:,
,
,最优秀的本科生和最优秀的本科教育:,
,
,实施阶梯式培养模式:,
,
,多方位的国际学术交流平台:,
,
,量身定制的预研计划:,
,
,构建高端科研实践体系:,
,
,清华大学:人工智能学堂班(智班),
,培养理念:,
,“清华学堂人工智能班”(智班)由世界著名计算机科学家姚期智院士于2019年创办,成立智班是清华大学在人工智能整体学科布局上的重要举措,既是对清华乃至国家在人工智能领域优化科技创新体系和学科体系布局的积极响应,也将进一步拓展清华拔尖创新人才培养的学科格局。图灵奖得主、清华大学交叉信息院院长姚期智院士将担纲智班首席教授。,
,智班的目标是培养人工智能领域领跑国际的拔尖科研创新人才;同时,通过智班广基础重交叉的培养模式,打造学科间的深层交叉合作平台,进一步促进不同学科之间的交叉结合;并在助力不同学科发展的同时,深化对人工智能前沿的理解并进一步推进人工智能发展。,
,创班特色:,
,清华在人工智能领域具备强大实力,包括信息科学技术学院下的计算机科学与技术系、软件学院、自动化系、电子工程系,以及生命科学学院、医学院等院系都在科学技术及人工智能研发上有突出的成果。智班将和这些院系都保持紧密合作。智班的创立,更充分依托了清华交叉信息院在人工智能师资力量与学科建设上的积累。过去十年,交叉信息院组建了一流的师资团队,基于人工智能核心算法和系统,在健康医疗、互联网经济、安全、网络、电力市场、机器人与智能制造等主要研究方向取得了丰硕的成果,奠定了坚实的学科基础。,
,师资团队:,
,智班的师资将依托清华大学交叉信息研究院教师团队。自2011年成立以来,交叉信息研究院在姚期智院士的带领下,成功建立起一支国际一流水平的师资团队,具有坚实的人工智能人才储备,并在人工智能多个领域打下坚实的前沿科研基础。,
,同时,交叉信息研究院新近从国际顶尖高校引进多位人工智能领域的优秀青年人才,涵盖人工智能理论研究、人工智能芯片制造、自然语言处理、自动驾驶等前沿热门领域,其中还包括三位交叉信息研究院培养的毕业生。这些青年导师将极大支持智班的人才培养体系。,
,培养方案:,
,智班的培养的特点为“广基础、重交叉”。在本科低年级,智班将通过数学、计算机与人工智能的核心课程,为学生打下扎实宽广的基础。在此基础上,智班在本科高年级将通过交叉联合AI+X课程项目的方式,使学生有机会将人工智能与其他学科前沿相结合,在以人工智能促进不同学科发展的同时,深化对人工智能的理解,推动人工智能前沿的发展。,
,同时,智班同学将获得与相关产业的联合实习机会,深入了解实际产业中的前沿基础科学问题,并通过人工智能知识与技术,加强人工智能在不同产业中的推广与应用。在应用中对人工智能技术进行进一步推广与发展,并为产业发展提供坚实技术基础。,
,,
,北大图灵班:每年从大一新生中招30人培养,图灵奖得主亲自授课,
,2017年5月,康奈尔大学计算机科学系工程与应用数学IBM讲席教授、计算机协会(ACM)图灵奖(A.M. Turing Award)获得者John E. Hopcroft教授正式加入北京大学信息科学技术学院,这不仅标志着北大迎来首位图灵奖得主入职,也意味着中国计算机界再添一名全球顶级科学家。,
,Hopcroft教授亲自为北大本科生开堂授课,主导“图灵班”的建设与教学。从2017年暑假,北大信息科学技术学院每年在全校范围内招收30位大一学生,在秋季学期正式进入特别培养计划小班“图灵班”,在Hopcroft教授本人带领下,以“挑战计算科学极限、推进智能科学前沿”为目标进行学习。,
,“图灵班”采用全新的培养方案,致力于为中国培养下一代计算机科学领军人才。新的培养方案将为学生打下扎实的数学与计算理论基础。利用北大优势数学教学资源,给学生以坚实的数学专业和计算理论训练;遵循多学科交叉原则,在学生培养过程中增加自然科学训练,要求每位学生选修一门其他专业的专业核心必修课程;引入卡内基梅隆大学、康奈尔大学等国际计算机科学著名高校的部分课程,聘请世界一流学者参与教学,让学生有机会全面参与最新的计算机科学教育实践;学生还将有机会在国际一流大学学习一段时间,以培养学生国际视野,也为学生进一步发展做准备。(详情查看北京大学前沿计算研究中心官网:https://cfcs.pku.edu.cn/index.htm。),
,对于“图灵班”感兴趣的朋友,首先你要考入北大,因为“图灵班”是从内部招生的。至于说在北大什么条件能进入“图灵班”,可以参考一下今年的招生要求:,
,报名范围:,
,2018级校本部理科院系学生(含元培学院)。,
,拟接收人数:,
,计算机科学与技术专业(图灵班)≤30人,智能科学与技术专业(图灵班)≤30人。,
,报名要求:,
,1. 成绩优良,已修课程绩点≥3.0。,
,2. 已修数学A类课程(《数学分析I》和《高等代数I》)成绩≥80分,且《计算概论A》成绩 ≥85分;本学期在修《数学分析II》和《高等代数II》。,
,3. 非信息科学技术学院的学生报名,须在校内门户提交转院(系)转专业申请。,
,更多高校人工智能学院简介,
,去年高考期间,新智元曾整理了一份国内高校人工智能专业报考指南,介绍了当年设立了人工智能学院的高校;一年时间过去了,又出现了一批高校设立人工智能学院。,
,下面是经过更新后的学院名单,如有遗漏,欢迎补充说明!,
,,
,中山大学,
,学院名称:智能工程学院,
,成立时间:2017年5月,
,招生人数:未知,
,本科专业:智能科学与技术专业、自动化专业,
,学院官网:,
,http://ise.sysu.edu.cn/index.htm,
,综合水平:,
,中山大学是教育部直属综合性重点大学,本身录取分数线较高。智能工程学院是国内“人工智能学院建立潮”中最早设立的一批院校,并设立有中山大学人机物智能融合实验室,科研实力具有竞争力。,
,,
,西安电子科技大学,
,学院名称:人工智能学院,
,成立时间:2017年11月,
,招生人数:未知,
,本科专业:智能科学与技术、数据科学与大数据技术,
,教学师资:,
,焦李成教授、石光明教授、缑水平教授、王爽教授,
,学院官网:,
,http://sai.xidian.edu.cn/,
,综合水平:,
,西安电子科技大学是教育部直属综合性重点大学,录取分数线较高。焦李成教授、石光明教授等在学术界有较大影响力。,
,,
,苏州大学,
,学院名称:人工智能研究院,
,招生人数:未知,
,本科专业:未知(逐步形成“人工智能+X”复合专业培养新模式),
,教学师资:,
,凌晓峰(院长)、高文(首席顾问)、杨强(研究院学术委员会主任),
,(上述信息截止到2017年11月。),
,此外,苏州大学招生就业处副处长靳葛在参加访谈时还表示,苏州大学开设了人工智能实验班,面向2018级部分专业学生进行选拔,以响应国家对人工智能人才紧缺的需要。,
,综合水平:,
,苏州大学是省属综合性重点大学,高文、杨强等专家在学术界影响力较大。但人工智能研究院成立时间较晚。,
,,
,湖南工业大学,
,学院名称:人工智能学院,
,成立时间:2018年1月,
,招生人数:人工智能学院约为8至12个班,办学规模为1200至1500人,每个学期面向全国约招录480名学生。(2019年秋季招生),
,本科专业:智能科学与技术、数据科学与大数据技术、机器人工程。,
,教学师资:,
,刘成林(院长)、孙哲南(副院长)、谭铁牛(学院学术委员会主任)、朱文球(学院筹备组组长),
,综合水平:,
,湖南工业大学是国家工商行政管理总局与湖南省人民政府共建高校,人工智能学院成立时间较晚,目前整体学院师资力量、教学规划化尚未公开。,
,,
,南京大学,
,学院名称:人工智能学院,
,成立时间:2018年3月,
,招生人数:拟招收2018年入学本科生80人,其中通过综合评价招生10人(招生简章已公布)、全国高考招生70人。,
,本科专业:预计设置机器学习与数据挖掘、智能系统与应用两个专业,
,教学师资:,
,周志华教授(院长)、武港山教授(院党委书记)、黎铭副教授(副院长)、申富饶教授(本科生工作负责人)、张建兵博士(办公室主任),
,学院官网:暂未上线,可关注南大计算机科学与技术系官网,
,https://cs.nju.edu.cn/a2/6d/c1654a238189/page.htm,
,综合水平:,
,南京大学是教育部直属综合性重点大学,录取分数线较高。周志华教授等人学术水平在国际上产生广泛影响力。南大计算机软件新技术国家重点实验室(LAMDA)在国内整体实力极强。,
,,
,南开大学,
,学院名称:人工智能学院,
,成立时间:2018年5月,
,招生人数:未知,
,本科专业:现有自动化、智能科学与技术2个本科教学专业,并拟筹建智能工程系;拥有控制科学与工程、运筹学与概率论2个一级学科,学院成立以来新增设人工智能二级学科,并积极推动筹建人工智能一级学科。,
,学院官网:,
,http://ai.nankai.edu.cn/contentDetail/init.action?channelId=c_0201,
,综合水平:人工智能学院虽然刚刚成立,但有着深厚的基础和历史积淀,学院所辖包括全国最早的国家863计划智能机器人主题开放网点实验室和机器人产业化基地,拥有天津市智能机器人技术重点实验室、天津市重点领域创新团队、天津市国际合作基地等。,
,,
,吉林大学,
,学院名称:人工智能学院,
,成立时间:2018年5月,
,招生人数:未知,
,本科专业:人工智能专业等。,
,学院官网:,
,http://sai.jlu.edu.cn/xygk.htm,
,综合水平:吉林大学是国内最早从事人工智能研究的单位之一,1976年计算机科学系建立,1977年王湘浩院士在国内率先举起了人工智能研究的大旗,至今已有40多年的历史,学校在人工智能研究领域有着比较雄厚的科研积淀和育人基础。,
,此外,天津大学、西安交通大学、中国人民大学、北京师范大学也成立人工智能学院,其中,西安交大人工智能学院院长由旷视科技首席科学家孙剑担任。由于成立时间较短,这几所院校相关信息尚未完善和披露,读者可咨询学校招生部门详细的信息。,
,至此,新智元已经给大家梳理完人工智能专业报考指南,如有疑问欢迎大家留言讨论。最后,祝各位考生都能进入自己理想的院校,成为顶尖的AI人才。,
,清华大学计算机系课程攻略:,
,https://github.com/PKUanonym/REKCARC-TSC-UHT,
,上海交通大学课程资料分享:,
,https://github.com/CoolPhilChen/SJTU-Courses,
,参考链接:,
,https://zhuanlan.zhihu.com/p/68474477,
,本文来自微信公众号:新智元(ID:AI_era),来源:知乎、清华大学、北京大学等,编辑:金磊、张佳、鹏飞,标题图来自视觉中国,原标题《【AI志愿超强攻略】中国高校人工智能专业最全院校排名&课程对比》

ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xin zhi yuan ID: AI_era, lai yuan: zhi hu qing hua da xue bei jing da xue deng, bian ji: jin lei zhang jia peng fei, biao ti tu lai zi shi jue zhong guo, yuan biao ti AI zhi yuan chao qiang gong lue zhong guo gao xiao ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye zui quan yuan xiao pai ming amp ke cheng dui bi,, xin zhi yuan dao du:,,, shi jie shang zui yao yuan de ju li, bu shi ni gao kao mei fa hui hao, er shi mei you xuan dui zhi yuan!,, jin ji ri, ge di gao fen shu lu xu chu lu, yi xin xiang wang ren gong zhi neng de kao sheng men zai ji dong zhi yu, you ying lai le ling yi ge nan yi jue ze de wen ti: AI zhuan ye na jia qiang?,,,, ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye hen nan xuan ma?,, jiu zai gao kao qian 70 tian, jiao yu bu yin fa tong zhi, gong bu le 2018 nian du pu tong gao deng xue xiao ben ke zhuan ye bei an he shen pi jie guo.,, zui jin da re de ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye bei lie ru xin zeng shen pi ben ke zhuan ye ming dan, quan guo gong you 35 suo gao xiao huo shou pi jian she zi ge.,, jin nian shang ban nian, jiu lu xu you gao xiao cheng li ren gong zhi neng xue yuan de xiao xi fang chu, li ru xi an jiao tong da xue ren min da xue bei jing shi fan da xue deng deng.,, na me wen ti lai le, xiang yao jiu du ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye de xue sheng dao di gai ru he jue ze ne? xin zhi yuan bian zheng li le yi fen ren gong zhi neng xue yuan bao kao zhi nan yi ji bu fen gao xiao ji suan ji ke cheng gong lue, xi wang dui ni you suo bang zhu!,, ni zhen de liao jie ren gong zhi neng ma?,, zai bao kao zhi qian, you bi yao liao jie yi xia ren gong zhi neng shi shen me yi ji ren gong zhi neng xue shen me, wo men zheng li le qing hua da xue ji suan ji xi zi ran yu yan chu li shi yan shi fu jiao shou liu zhi yuan de zhi hu wen da, xian lai ting ting ta jie shao ren gong zhi neng ba.,, ren gong zhi neng shi shen me?,, liu zhi yuan: ren gong zhi neng Artificial Intelligence, AI shi yi men nian qing de xue ke, cong 1956 nian da te mao si hui yi zheng shi ti chu AI ming cheng zhi jin bu guo 65 nian cong a lan tu ling 1950 nian ti chu pan duan ji qi shi fou neng gou si kao de tu ling ce shi zhi jin ye bu guo 70 nian shi jian. AI de 70 nian fa zhan shi hui ji le lai zi shu xue ji suan ji ke xue luo ji xue zhe xue shen jing ke xue yu yan xue deng bu tong ling yu xue zhe de nu li, shi dian xing de jiao cha xue ke. tong shi, cong zheng ti lai kan AI reng ran shi ji suan ji ke xue ji shu de zhu yao fen zhi.,, ren gong zhi neng shi shen me? jian yan zhi, ren gong zhi neng xue ke shi li yong ji suan ji shi xian ren lei zhi neng. ren lei zhi neng bing mei you gong ren de ding yi yu jie xian, shi ji shang ye sui zhe AI de fa zhan er you suo bian hua. mou xiang ren lei ji neng bei ji suan ji suo zhang wo hou, ren men wang wang bu zai ren wei ta dai biao ren lei quot zhen zheng quot de zhi neng. li ru, 1997 nian IBM shen lan zhan sheng ren lei guo ji xiang qi guan jun ka si pa luo fu hou, jiu you ping lun shuo IBM ji suan ji zhi shi zai bao li sou suo, bu shi zhen zheng de zhi neng, that 39 s not thinking! zhe zhong xian xiang you bei cheng wei quot AI Effect quot.,, suo yi, ren gong zhi neng zong shi ju jiao zai nei xie shang wei bei ji suan ji po jie de ren lei zhi neng neng li shang. bi jiao jian dan de ren lei zhi neng yi jing bei jie jue le, li ru ji shu neng li you le ji suan qi, shu ju ji yi he cha xun you le shu ju ku, xia qi neng li you le xia qi ruan jian, sheng xia de shi nei xie kun nan de gao ji zhi neng. jian dan er yan, ru guo wo men ba da nao kan zuo yi ge hei he, ta neng gou jie shou wai bu shi jie de ci ji xin hao, da nao chu li zhei xie xin hao chan sheng shu chu fan kui, ren lei zhi neng zheng ti xian zai zhei xie quot ci ji fan kui quot de dui ying zhong. zhen dui bu tong ci ji xin hao he fan kui chu li de fu za xing, AI xia mian you hen duo zhuan men de ling yu kai zhan xiang guan yan jiu he tan suo. mu qian, gong ren de AI he xin ke ti bao kuo: ji qi xue xi ji suan ji shi jue zi ran yu yan chu li yu yin shi bie zhi shi biao shi yu ji suan tui li yu gui hua deng deng, bing zai ci ji chu shang zhi chi zhe xu duo chong yao ying yong chang jing ru wu ren jia shi wu ren che ji qi ren deng.,, ji qi xue xi: zhi zai rang ji suan ji ju bei zi dong xue xi de neng li, neng gou jie jue fen lei ju lei hui gui guan lian fen xi deng ren wu. mu qian zhu liu shi cong da gui mo shu ju zhong zi dong xue xi he zong jie gui lv, cong er neng gou dui xin de shu ju jin xing yu ce, ye bei cheng wei tong ji ji qi xue xi. jian dan di jiang, ji qi xue xi shi cong da liang quot ci ji fan kui quot shu ju zhong zi dong zong jie gui lv de ji shu.,, ji suan ji shi jue: zhi zai rang ji suan ji li jie he chu li tu xiang shu ju bao kuo tu pian shi pin deng, shi ji suan ji zhang wo quot kan quot de neng li. tu xiang shi dian xing de wu jie gou shu ju, you xiang su zu cheng, ru he cong yi fu tu xiang zhong zi dong shi bie bu tong ceng ci de dui xiang ru lun kuo ren lian chang jing deng ji qi fu za guan lian, shi ji suan ji shi jue mian lin de tiao zhan wen ti.,, yu yin shi bie: zhi zai rang ji suan ji li jie he chu li yu yin shu ju, shi ji suan ji zhang wo quot ting quot de neng li. yu yin ye shi yi zhong dian xing de wu jie gou xu lie shu ju, mu qian zai shen du xue xi ji shu de zhi chi xia, pu tong chang jing de yu yin zhuai wen ben de xiao guo yi jing de dao guang fan ying yong. er zai duo ren fang yan zao yin yuan chang deng ji duan tiao zhan chang jing xia, yu yin shi bie xiao guo hai xu yao jin yi bu ti sheng.,, zi ran yu yan chu li: zhi zai rang ji suan ji li jie he chu li ren lei yu yan. yu C Java deng ren gong she ji de bian cheng yu yan bu tong, ren lei yu yan shi da zi ran de chan wu, yin ci bei cheng wei quot zi ran yu yan quot. ren lei yu yan ye shi dian xing de wu jie gou shu ju, you zi ci zu he er cheng, ru he li jie yi ju hua yi pian wen zhang shen zhi yi ben shu de yi si, ye shi ren gong zhi neng mian lin de tiao zhan wen ti. you yu yu yan shi ren lei te you de chuan di feng fu xin xi he zhi shi biao da fu za si xiang he qing xu de zai ti, shen zhi bei ren wei shi ren lei si kao de zhong yao gong ju, yin ci zi ran yu yan chu li wen ti geng jie jin ren lei gao ji ren zhi zhi neng, you hen duo chong yao de kai fang wen ti.,, zhi shi biao shi yu ji suan: ren lei dui shi jie de ren shi ji lei xing cheng le zhi shi, zhi shi shi ren lei li jie wai bu xin xi shi xian ge zhong zhi neng neng li de ji chu. jin nian lai sui zhe zhi shi tu pu de guang fan ying yong, cheng wei yan jiu jie he gong ye jie guan zhu de zhong dian wen ti.,, you yu shang shu zhei xie ke ti dou guan she ren lei zhi neng, suo yi hu xiang mi qie guan lian bu fen bi ci, li ru ji suan ji shi jue yu yin shi bie he zi ran yu yan chu li dou shi ji qi xue xi suan fa de zhong yao ying yong chang jing, zhi shi biao shi yu ji suan ye cheng wei ji suan ji shi jue he zi ran yu yan chu li fang xiang de zhong yao hua ti deng deng. zheng yin wei nian qing, zhei xie fang xiang dou chong man zhe huo li, yi fang mian zui xin ji shu ri yi shen yuan di ying xiang zhe ren lei she hui sheng huo de fang fang mian mian, tong shi xue ke ti xi he ji shu kuang jia ye zai ri xin yue yi tui chen chu xin, xian zai qu fan shi nian qian de jiao cai hen duo nei rong dou xian de guo shi le.,, cong xue ke she zhi lai kan, guo nei da xue zun zhao jiao yu bu xue wei shou yu he ren cai pei yang xue ke mu lu lai ban fa xue wei. zui chu de ji suan ji yi ji xue ke shi quot ji suan ji ke xue yu ji shu quot, xia she quot ji suan ji xi tong jie gou quot quot ji suan ji ruan jian yu li lun quot quot ji suan ji ying yong ji shu quot san ge er ji xue ke, qi zhong quot ji suan ji xi tong jie gou quot dui ying gao xing neng ji suan chao suan he ji suan ji wang luo ti xi jia gou hu lian wang, hou lai dan du cheng li chu quot wang luo kong jian an quan quot yi ji xue ke quot ji suan ji ruan jian yu li lun quot dui ying ruan jian gong cheng he ji suan ji li lun ke xue deng, hou lai dan du cheng li chu quot ruan jian gong cheng quot yi ji xue ke er quot ji suan ji ying yong ji shu quot ze dui ying ji suan ji de ge lei ying yong ji shu, hen da cheng du shang zheng yan zhe cong xin xi hua dao zi dong hua zai dao zhi neng hua de lu xian qian jin, ke yi xiang jian, ru guo xian zai zhe bo AI lang chao hai neng chi xu ji nian, dan du cheng li quot ren gong zhi neng quot yi ji xue ke ye zhi ri ke dai.,, cong yan jiu pei zhi lai kan, AI yan jiu dui wu zhu yao fen bu zai ji suan ji zi dong hua dian zi gong cheng deng xin xi ke xue xiang guan yuan xi zhong, zhe yu AI qi yuan you mi qie guan xi, ji suan ji de dian ji ren tu ling feng nuo yi man, zi dong hua de zhu yao li lun ji chu quot kong zhi lun quot de dian ji ren wei na, yi ji dian zi gong cheng he xin hao chu li de zhu yao zu cheng quot xin xi lun quot de dian ji ren xiang nong, jun wei AI de chuang li gong xian le si xiang. suo yi, ji suan ji xi zhu yao cong ji suan li lun he ji suan ji ying yong de jiao du yan jiu AI, zi dong hua xi cong zi dong kong zhi de jiao du li jie AI, dian zi gong cheng xi ze cong xin hao chu li jiang AI guan xin de shi jue wen ben ting jue deng mo tai li jie wen ti kan zuo xin hao chu li de jiao du jie du AI.,, dang ran, zai zhe xue nao shen jing deng qi ta ling yu ye you cong shi ren gong zhi neng tan suo de xue zhe. bu guo zong ti er yan, you yu ren gong zhi neng he xin mu biao shi tan suo ru he jiang ren lei zhi neng zhuan hua wei ke ji suan wen ti, yin ci ta zhu yao hai shi luo zai ji suan ji ling yu.,, ru guo xi wang dui AI fa zhan you bi jiao tong su quan mian di liao jie, ke yi can kao yi xia liang ben shu: ren gong zhi neng kuang chao sui ran biao ti ming lue xian zhong er, nei rong bi jiao zha shi, qian xian quan mian bing ji shi han gai dao zui jin de shen du xue xi lang chao ren gong zhi neng jian shi shi hua ren ni ke de da zuo, zuo zhe sou ji de shi liao quan mian zha shi, jia xu jia yi you hen duo gan huo, du qi lai hen guo yin, bu guo hen duo di fang dian dao ji zhi, ru guo mei you xiang guan bei jing zhi shi hen nan kan dong zuo zhe suo zhi.,, ren gong zhi neng zen me xue?,, liu zhi yuan: qing hua da xue zhang cheng ming que ti chu" jia zhi su zao neng li pei yang zhi shi chuan shou" san wei yi ti de yu ren mo shi, wo ren wei zhe shi gao shui ping AI ren cai yang cheng fang shi de zui jia miao shu.,, zhi shi chuan shou zhe ceng bu bi duo shuo, shi zhe chuan dao shou ye jie huo, zai da xue li tong guo ke cheng jiang shou he ke xia shi jian, yan xi jing tong ji suan ji he ren gong zhi neng li lun yu ji shu, mei wei tong xue tong guo yi men men ke cheng cheng ji fan ying chu de, zheng shi zhuan ye zhi shi zhang wo de shui ping. wo xiang, jue da bu fen tong xue dou neng ming bai ke cheng xue xi de zhong yao xing. ran er, da xue zhi dao bu jin yu ci, bu ran da xue jiu bu guo shi ge zhuan ye ji xiao.,, zai zhi shi chuan shou zhi shang jiu yao gou zhu neng li pei yang, zhe dui CS AI zhuan ye er yan you qi zhong yao. ji suan ji he ren gong zhi neng shi fei chang nian qing de xue ke, zheng chu zai fei su fa zhan de zhao yang shi qi, xue ke zhi shi geng xin huan dai hen kuai, da bu fen zui xin zhi shi gen ben wu fa zai duan shi jian nei ji shi chen dian dao jiao ke shu zhong. er jin ru jiao ke shu de nei xie zhi shi, yu shi ji ying yong chang jing wang wang yi you jiao da ju li. hen duo CS AI gao ke ji gong si zi shen jiu zhan zai xue ke zui qian yan, ji xu you kuai su xue xi he du li jie jue kai fang wen ti neng li de ren cai.,, zhe yang, yi fang mian yao qiu tong xue you yi shi jian li zhong shen xue xi de li nian, you jiao qiang de du li xue xi de neng li ling yi fang mian ze yao qiu tong xue zhu yi tong guo shi yan shi yan jiu deng fang shi duan lian ke yan chuang xin neng li. CS AI tong xue men xu yao zhu dong can yu ke yan gong zuo de quan guo cheng, shu li zhuan ye zhi qu, pei yang du li xue xi de neng li zi wo xue xi de xi guan ti chu wen ti de yi shi, yi ji du li jie jue kai fang wen ti de neng li, zhe shi da xue pei yang CS AI gao shui ping ren cai de bi you zhi lu. yin ci, da xue jiao shi zai CS AI kai zhan gao shui ping yuan chuang yan jiu de neng li, ye yi ding cheng du shang jue ding le ta men dui xue sheng jin xing neng li pei yang de shui ping.,, zui hou yi ceng jia zhi su zao ye xu shi zui xuan hu de, dan geng jia zhong yao. yi ge ren zai zhi shi he neng li que ding de qing kuang xia, Ta de nu li fang xiang he jian chi cheng du zui zhong jue ding qi cheng zhang de gao du. zhao dao zai shu ye shang de jian chi fang xiang, jiu shi jia zhi su zao de guo cheng. zhe ge guo cheng jue bu shi jian dan cu bao de guan shu he xuan jiang jiu neng shi xian de, yao you gao shui ping de jiao shi yi qi jiao xue xiang chang, you zhi cun gao yuan de tong xue gong tong nu li pin bo, you ge jie fen dou de xue zhang zuo wei shi fan bang yang, you xiao wai hai wai de shi jian ping tai guang kai shi ye. shi jian chu zhen zhi, zhi you zi ji duo ting duo kan duo xiang, cai neng zhao dao zi ji xi huan de nu li de fang xiang, ye cai geng you hou jin jian chi bu xie.,, suo yi, bu guan shi ren gong zhi neng ji suan ji zhuan ye hai shi qi ta shen me zhuan ye, zhi yao xiang ba zi ji pei yang cheng wei gai ling yu de ke kan da yong zhi cai, jiu xu yao cong zhi shi neng li he jia zhi zhe san ge ceng mian lai nu li ti sheng zi ji.,, yuan xiao na me duo, ren gong zhi neng dao di gai qu na xue?,, zai liao jie wan" shen me shi ren gong zhi neng" yi ji" ren gong zhi neng zen me xue" zhi hou, zui zhong yao de wen ti lai le gai qu na er xue?,, bu tong gao xiao de ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye cong shi zi shui ping ke cheng she zhi deng ge ge fang mian dou you suo qu bie, zhe jiu xu yao you yi ge liang hua de zhi biao lai dui qi jin xing ping jia.,, ben wen jiang ji xu cai yong liu zhi yuan lao shi tui jian UMass jiao shou Emery Berger wei hu de gao xiao ji suan ji ke xue ling yu pai ming CSRankings.,, CSRankings cai yong DBLP shu ju ku zhong da xue CS AI jiao shou zai bu tong fang xiang ding ji hui yi shang fa biao de lun wen shu liang jin xing pai ming, you ke guan que qie shu ju zhi chi, li ru mei guo hao cheng CS si da ming xiao de Stanford MIT UCB he CMU jiu pai zai mei guo qian si wei. tong shi CSRankings gong cheng he shu ju quan bu kai yuan zai GitHub shang, ke yi fei chang fang bian di jin xing jian cha fu xian he kuo zhan.,, CSRankings jiang CS hua fen wei AI Systems Theory Interdisciplinary Areas si ge yi ji fang xiang, mei ge fang xiang you you ruo gan zi ling yu, li ru AI jiu you xia fen General AI AI zong fang xiang Computer Vision ji suan ji shi jue Machine Learning amp Data Mining ji qi xue xi yu shu ju wa jue Natural Language Processing zi ran yu yan chu li The Web amp Information Retrieval hu lian wang yu xin xi jian suo.,, mei ge zi ling yu zhi shou lu 2 3 ge ding ji hui yi, zhe zhu yao shi yin wei ji suan ji ke xue ji shu you yu fa zhan bi jiao kuai, suo yi xue zhe men geng zhong shi tong guo guo ji hui yi lun wen fa biao zui xin cheng guo jin xing xue shu jiao liu, er bu xiang qi ta ling yu na yang zhu yao shi tong guo qi kan fa biao zui xin yan jiu cheng guo.,, CSRankings: http: csrankings. org fromyear 2018 toyear 2019 index? ai amp vision amp mlmining amp nlp amp ir amp world,, da jia zhi xu yao gou xuan gan xing qu de AI zhuan ye, ji ke kan dao dui ying gao xiao de pai ming.,,,, xia tu xian shi le AI zhuan ye gao xiao de zong he pai ming TOP 20:,,,, xin zhi yuan cha xun le 2018 2019 nian CSRankings pai ming Top 20, zhong guo gao xiao yi yong hong se kuang biao chu, an zhao pai ming shun xu fen bie shi:,, qing hua da xue bei jing da xue zhong guo ke xue yuan shang hai jiao tong da xue zhe jiang da xue fu dan da xue he xiang gang ke ji da xue.,, chu ci zhi wai, liu zhi yuan lao shi zai zhi hu zhong hai ti gong le guo nei xue shu wang zhan AMiner suo zuo de yi ge gai jin ban, chu le ti gong zhong guo gao xiao dan lie ming dan wai, hai e wai ti gong gen ju lun wen yin yong shu liang de pai ming. an zhao 2009 2019 shi nian jian lun wen fa biao tong ji, liu lao shi jian dan tong ji le guo nei AI CS pai ming jiao gao de gao xiao bu han xiang gang tai wan gao xiao bu kao lv zhong ke yuan ru xia:,,,, zhe ge pai xu da zhi neng gou fan ying ge da gao xiao CS AI zhuan ye de guo ji xue shu qian yan zheng ti shui ping, er qie tong guo AI ling yu he CS zheng ti de pai ming fan cha, ke yi guan cha dao gai gao xiao AI fang xiang de qiang shi cheng du, li ru fu dan de AI pai ming gao yu qi CS pai ming 2 wei, ha gong da AI pai ming gao yu CS pai ming 3 wei deng deng, shuo ming zhe liang suo da xue de AI fang xiang xiang dui bi jiao qiang shi.,, er qie, hai ke yi kan chu, guo nei gao xiao AI ling yu de shi jie pai ming zheng ti ming xian chao guo CS zheng ti de shi jie pai ming, shuo ming guo nei gao xiao zai AI fang mian geng jie jin shi jie qian yan shui ping.,, xu yao zhu yi:,, jie xia lai, xin zhi yuan jiang dui CSRankings pai ming jiao gao de ji suo gao xiao jin xing jie shao.,, qing hua da xue" yao ban"" zhi ban",, qing hua da xue : ji suan ji ke xue shi yan ban yao ban,," qing hua xue tang ji suan ji ke xue shi yan ban" yao ban you shi jie zhu ming ji suan ji ke xue jia yao qi zhi yuan shi yu 2005 nian chuang ban, zhi li yu pei yang yu mei guo ma sheng li gong xue yuan pu lin si dun da xue deng shi jie yi liu gao xiao ben ke sheng ju you tong deng shen zhi geng gao jing zheng li de ling pao guo ji ba jian chuang xin ji suan ji ke xue ren cai, zhong dian zhao yan yu ji suan ji ke xue yu wu li xue shu xue sheng ming ke xue jing ji xue deng xiang guan xue ke de xue ke jiao cha pei yang. ping jie duo nian mei guo ming xiao zhi jiao jing yan, shi xing" yin cai shi jiao" he" shen geng jing geng" xiang jie he de te se ren cai pei yang mo shi.,,, yao qi zhi yuan shi,, zai yao qi zhi yuan shi qin li qin wei de bu xie nu li xia, yao ban de ban xue li nian he ban xue cheng guo de dao le guo jia ling dao ren ji jiao yu bu de chong fen ken ding he da li zhi chi, bing xian hou rong huo bei jing shi jiao xue cheng guo jiang te deng jiang he guo jia ji jiao xue cheng guo jiang yi deng jiang. li jing shi yu zai ban xue, jin ri yao ban yi you san bai duo wei you xiu xiao you bian bu quan qiu, zai guo ji yi liu gao xiao yu zhi ming qi ye zhan lu tou jiao, bing zai quan qiu xin xi ji shu ge ming lang chao zhong yin ling chuang xin. yao ban" zui you xiu de ben ke sheng he zui you xiu de ben ke jiao yu" de ban xue li nian he ban xue cheng guo wei guo nei ba jian chuang xin ren cai pei yang mo shi de tan suo shu li le tu chu dian fan.,, yao qi zhi yuan shi gong qin jiao xue di yi xian:,,, zui you xiu de ben ke sheng he zui you xiu de ben ke jiao yu:,,, shi shi jie ti shi pei yang mo shi:,,, duo fang wei de guo ji xue shu jiao liu ping tai:,,, liang shen ding zhi de yu yan ji hua:,,, gou jian gao duan ke yan shi jian ti xi:,,, qing hua da xue: ren gong zhi neng xue tang ban zhi ban,, pei yang li nian:,," qing hua xue tang ren gong zhi neng ban" zhi ban you shi jie zhu ming ji suan ji ke xue jia yao qi zhi yuan shi yu 2019 nian chuang ban, cheng li zhi ban shi qing hua da xue zai ren gong zhi neng zheng ti xue ke bu ju shang de zhong yao ju cuo, ji shi dui qing hua nai zhi guo jia zai ren gong zhi neng ling yu you hua ke ji chuang xin ti xi he xue ke ti xi bu ju de ji ji xiang ying, ye jiang jin yi bu tuo zhan qing hua ba jian chuang xin ren cai pei yang de xue ke ge ju. tu ling jiang de zhu qing hua da xue jiao cha xin xi yuan yuan chang yao qi zhi yuan shi jiang dan gang zhi ban shou xi jiao shou.,, zhi ban de mu biao shi pei yang ren gong zhi neng ling yu ling pao guo ji de ba jian ke yan chuang xin ren cai tong shi, tong guo zhi ban guang ji chu zhong jiao cha de pei yang mo shi, da zao xue ke jian de shen ceng jiao cha he zuo ping tai, jin yi bu cu jin bu tong xue ke zhi jian de jiao cha jie he bing zai zhu li bu tong xue ke fa zhan de tong shi, shen hua dui ren gong zhi neng qian yan de li jie bing jin yi bu tui jin ren gong zhi neng fa zhan.,, chuang ban te se:,, qing hua zai ren gong zhi neng ling yu ju bei qiang da shi li, bao kuo xin xi ke xue ji shu xue yuan xia de ji suan ji ke xue yu ji shu xi ruan jian xue yuan zi dong hua xi dian zi gong cheng xi, yi ji sheng ming ke xue xue yuan yi xue yuan deng yuan xi dou zai ke xue ji shu ji ren gong zhi neng yan fa shang you tu chu de cheng guo. zhi ban jiang he zhei xie yuan xi dou bao chi jin mi he zuo. zhi ban de chuang li, geng chong fen yi tuo le qing hua jiao cha xin xi yuan zai ren gong zhi neng shi zi li liang yu xue ke jian she shang de ji lei. guo qu shi nian, jiao cha xin xi yuan zu jian le yi liu de shi zi tuan dui, ji yu ren gong zhi neng he xin suan fa he xi tong, zai jian kang yi liao hu lian wang jing ji an quan wang luo dian li shi chang ji qi ren yu zhi neng zhi zao deng zhu yao yan jiu fang xiang qu de le feng shuo de cheng guo, dian ding le jian shi de xue ke ji chu.,, shi zi tuan dui:,, zhi ban de shi zi jiang yi tuo qing hua da xue jiao cha xin xi yan jiu yuan jiao shi tuan dui. zi 2011 nian cheng li yi lai, jiao cha xin xi yan jiu yuan zai yao qi zhi yuan shi de dai ling xia, cheng gong jian li qi yi zhi guo ji yi liu shui ping de shi zi tuan dui, ju you jian shi de ren gong zhi neng ren cai chu bei, bing zai ren gong zhi neng duo ge ling yu da xia jian shi de qian yan ke yan ji chu.,, tong shi, jiao cha xin xi yan jiu yuan xin jin cong guo ji ding jian gao xiao yin jin duo wei ren gong zhi neng ling yu de you xiu qing nian ren cai, han gai ren gong zhi neng li lun yan jiu ren gong zhi neng xin pian zhi zao zi ran yu yan chu li zi dong jia shi deng qian yan re men ling yu, qi zhong hai bao kuo san wei jiao cha xin xi yan jiu yuan pei yang de bi ye sheng. zhei xie qing nian dao shi jiang ji da zhi chi zhi ban de ren cai pei yang ti xi.,, pei yang fang an:,, zhi ban de pei yang de te dian wei" guang ji chu zhong jiao cha". zai ben ke di nian ji, zhi ban jiang tong guo shu xue ji suan ji yu ren gong zhi neng de he xin ke cheng, wei xue sheng da xia zha shi kuan guang de ji chu. zai ci ji chu shang, zhi ban zai ben ke gao nian ji jiang tong guo jiao cha lian he AI X ke cheng xiang mu di fang shi, shi xue sheng you ji hui jiang ren gong zhi neng yu qi ta xue ke qian yan xiang jie he, zai yi ren gong zhi neng cu jin bu tong xue ke fa zhan de tong shi, shen hua dui ren gong zhi neng de li jie, tui dong ren gong zhi neng qian yan de fa zhan.,, tong shi, zhi ban tong xue jiang huo de yu xiang guan chan ye de lian he shi xi ji hui, shen ru liao jie shi ji chan ye zhong de qian yan ji chu ke xue wen ti, bing tong guo ren gong zhi neng zhi shi yu ji shu, jia qiang ren gong zhi neng zai bu tong chan ye zhong de tui guang yu ying yong. zai ying yong zhong dui ren gong zhi neng ji shu jin xing jin yi bu tui guang yu fa zhan, bing wei chan ye fa zhan ti gong jian shi ji shu ji chu.,,,, bei da tu ling ban: mei nian cong da yi xin sheng zhong zhao 30 ren pei yang, tu ling jiang de zhu qin zi shou ke,, 2017 nian 5 yue, kang nai er da xue ji suan ji ke xue xi gong cheng yu ying yong shu xue IBM jiang xi jiao shou ji suan ji xie hui ACM tu ling jiang A. M. Turing Award huo de zhe John E. Hopcroft jiao shou zheng shi jia ru bei jing da xue xin xi ke xue ji shu xue yuan, zhe bu jin biao zhi zhe bei da ying lai shou wei tu ling jiang de zhu ru zhi, ye yi wei zhe zhong guo ji suan ji jie zai tian yi ming quan qiu ding ji ke xue jia.,, Hopcroft jiao shou qin zi wei bei da ben ke sheng kai tang shou ke, zhu dao" tu ling ban" de jian she yu jiao xue. cong 2017 nian shu jia, bei da xin xi ke xue ji shu xue yuan mei nian zai quan xiao fan wei nei zhao shou 30 wei da yi xue sheng, zai qiu ji xue qi zheng shi jin ru te bie pei yang ji hua xiao ban" tu ling ban", zai Hopcroft jiao shou ben ren dai ling xia, yi" tiao zhan ji suan ke xue ji xian tui jin zhi neng ke xue qian yan" wei mu biao jin xing xue xi.,," tu ling ban" cai yong quan xin de pei yang fang an, zhi li yu wei zhong guo pei yang xia yi dai ji suan ji ke xue ling jun ren cai. xin de pei yang fang an jiang wei xue sheng da xia zha shi de shu xue yu ji suan li lun ji chu. li yong bei da you shi shu xue jiao xue zi yuan, gei xue sheng yi jian shi de shu xue zhuan ye he ji suan li lun xun lian zun xun duo xue ke jiao cha yuan ze, zai xue sheng pei yang guo cheng zhong zeng jia zi ran ke xue xun lian, yao qiu mei wei xue sheng xuan xiu yi men qi ta zhuan ye de zhuan ye he xin bi xiu ke cheng yin ru ka nei ji mei long da xue kang nai er da xue deng guo ji ji suan ji ke xue zhu ming gao xiao de bu fen ke cheng, pin qing shi jie yi liu xue zhe can yu jiao xue, rang xue sheng you ji hui quan mian can yu zui xin de ji suan ji ke xue jiao yu shi jian xue sheng huan jiang you ji hui zai guo ji yi liu da xue xue xi yi duan shi jian, yi pei yang xue sheng guo ji shi ye, ye wei xue sheng jin yi bu fa zhan zuo zhun bei. xiang qing zha kan bei jing da xue qian yan ji suan yan jiu zhong xin guan wang: https: cfcs. pku. edu. cn index. htm.,, dui yu" tu ling ban" gan xing qu de peng you, shou xian ni yao kao ru bei da, yin wei" tu ling ban" shi cong nei bu zhao sheng de. zhi yu shuo zai bei da shen me tiao jian neng jin ru" tu ling ban", ke yi can kao yi xia jin nian de zhao sheng yao qiu:,, bao ming fan wei:,, 2018 ji xiao ben bu li ke yuan xi xue sheng han yuan pei xue yuan.,, ni jie shou ren shu:,, ji suan ji ke xue yu ji shu zhuan ye tu ling ban 30 ren, zhi neng ke xue yu ji shu zhuan ye tu ling ban 30 ren.,, bao ming yao qiu:,, 1. cheng ji you liang, yi xiu ke cheng ji dian 3. 0.,, 2. yi xiu shu xue A lei ke cheng shu xue fen xi I he gao deng dai shu I cheng ji 80 fen, qie ji suan gai lun A cheng ji 85 fen ben xue qi zai xiu shu xue fen xi II he gao deng dai shu II.,, 3. fei xin xi ke xue ji shu xue yuan de xue sheng bao ming, xu zai xiao nei men hu ti jiao zhuan yuan xi zhuan zhuan ye shen qing.,, geng duo gao xiao ren gong zhi neng xue yuan jian jie,, qu nian gao kao qi jian, xin zhi yuan ceng zheng li le yi fen guo nei gao xiao ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye bao kao zhi nan, jie shao liao dang nian she li le ren gong zhi neng xue yuan de gao xiao yi nian shi jian guo qu le, you chu xian le yi pi gao xiao she li ren gong zhi neng xue yuan.,, xia mian shi jing guo geng xin hou de xue yuan ming dan, ru you yi lou, huan ying bu chong shuo ming!,,,, zhong shan da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: zhi neng gong cheng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2017 nian 5 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: wei zhi,, ben ke zhuan ye: zhi neng ke xue yu ji shu zhuan ye zi dong hua zhuan ye,, xue yuan guan wang:,, http: ise. sysu. edu. cn index. htm,, zong he shui ping:,, zhong shan da xue shi jiao yu bu zhi shu zong he xing zhong dian da xue, ben shen lu qu fen shu xian jiao gao. zhi neng gong cheng xue yuan shi guo nei" ren gong zhi neng xue yuan jian li chao" zhong zui zao she li de yi pi yuan xiao, bing she li you zhong shan da xue ren ji wu zhi neng rong he shi yan shi, ke yan shi li ju you jing zheng li.,,,, xi an dian zi ke ji da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2017 nian 11 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: wei zhi,, ben ke zhuan ye: zhi neng ke xue yu ji shu shu ju ke xue yu da shu ju ji shu,, jiao xue shi zi:,, jiao li cheng jiao shou shi guang ming jiao shou gou shui ping jiao shou wang shuang jiao shou,, xue yuan guan wang:,, http: sai. xidian. edu. cn,, zong he shui ping:,, xi an dian zi ke ji da xue shi jiao yu bu zhi shu zong he xing zhong dian da xue, lu qu fen shu xian jiao gao. jiao li cheng jiao shou shi guang ming jiao shou deng zai xue shu jie you jiao da ying xiang li.,,,, su zhou da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng yan jiu yuan,, zhao sheng ren shu: wei zhi,, ben ke zhuan ye: wei zhi zhu bu xing cheng" ren gong zhi neng X" fu he zhuan ye pei yang xin mo shi,, jiao xue shi zi:,, ling xiao feng yuan chang gao wen shou xi gu wen yang qiang yan jiu yuan xue shu wei yuan hui zhu ren,, shang shu xin xi jie zhi dao 2017 nian 11 yue.,, ci wai, su zhou da xue zhao sheng jiu ye chu fu chu zhang jin ge zai can jia fang tan shi hai biao shi, su zhou da xue kai she le ren gong zhi neng shi yan ban, mian xiang 2018 ji bu fen zhuan ye xue sheng jin xing xuan ba, yi xiang ying guo jia dui ren gong zhi neng ren cai jin que de xu yao.,, zong he shui ping:,, su zhou da xue shi sheng shu zong he xing zhong dian da xue, gao wen yang qiang deng zhuan jia zai xue shu jie ying xiang li jiao da. dan ren gong zhi neng yan jiu yuan cheng li shi jian jiao wan.,,,, hu nan gong ye da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2018 nian 1 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan yue wei 8 zhi 12 ge ban, ban xue gui mo wei 1200 zhi 1500 ren, mei ge xue qi mian xiang quan guo yue zhao lu 480 ming xue sheng. 2019 nian qiu ji zhao sheng,, ben ke zhuan ye: zhi neng ke xue yu ji shu shu ju ke xue yu da shu ju ji shu ji qi ren gong cheng.,, jiao xue shi zi:,, liu cheng lin yuan chang sun zhe nan fu yuan chang tan tie niu xue yuan xue shu wei yuan hui zhu ren zhu wen qiu xue yuan chou bei zu zu zhang,, zong he shui ping:,, hu nan gong ye da xue shi guo jia gong shang hang zheng guan li zong ju yu hu nan sheng ren min zheng fu gong jian gao xiao, ren gong zhi neng xue yuan cheng li shi jian jiao wan, mu qian zheng ti xue yuan shi zi li liang jiao xue gui hua hua shang wei gong kai.,,,, nan jing da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2018 nian 3 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: ni zhao shou 2018 nian ru xue ben ke sheng 80 ren, qi zhong tong guo zong he ping jia zhao sheng 10 ren zhao sheng jian zhang yi gong bu quan guo gao kao zhao sheng 70 ren.,, ben ke zhuan ye: yu ji she zhi ji qi xue xi yu shu ju wa jue zhi neng xi tong yu ying yong liang ge zhuan ye,, jiao xue shi zi:,, zhou zhi hua jiao shou yuan chang wu gang shan jiao shou yuan dang wei shu ji li ming fu jiao shou fu yuan chang shen fu rao jiao shou ben ke sheng gong zuo fu ze ren zhang jian bing bo shi ban gong shi zhu ren,, xue yuan guan wang: zan wei shang xian, ke guan zhu nan da ji suan ji ke xue yu ji shu xi guan wang,, https: cs. nju. edu. cn a2 6d c1654a238189 page. htm,, zong he shui ping:,, nan jing da xue shi jiao yu bu zhi shu zong he xing zhong dian da xue, lu qu fen shu xian jiao gao. zhou zhi hua jiao shou deng ren xue shu shui ping zai guo ji shang chan sheng guang fan ying xiang li. nan da ji suan ji ruan jian xin ji shu guo jia zhong dian shi yan shi LAMDA zai guo nei zheng ti shi li ji qiang.,,,, nan kai da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2018 nian 5 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: wei zhi,, ben ke zhuan ye: xian you zi dong hua zhi neng ke xue yu ji shu 2 ge ben ke jiao xue zhuan ye, bing ni chou jian zhi neng gong cheng xi yong you kong zhi ke xue yu gong cheng yun chou xue yu gai lv lun 2 ge yi ji xue ke, xue yuan cheng li yi lai xin zeng she ren gong zhi neng er ji xue ke, bing ji ji tui dong chou jian ren gong zhi neng yi ji xue ke.,, xue yuan guan wang:,, http: ai. nankai. edu. cn contentDetail init. action? channelId c_0201,, zong he shui ping: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan sui ran gang gang cheng li, dan you zhe shen hou de ji chu he li shi ji dian, xue yuan suo xia bao kuo quan guo zui zao de guo jia 863 ji hua zhi neng ji qi ren zhu ti kai fang wang dian shi yan shi he ji qi ren chan ye hua ji di, yong you tian jin shi zhi neng ji qi ren ji shu zhong dian shi yan shi tian jin shi zhong dian ling yu chuang xin tuan dui tian jin shi guo ji he zuo ji di deng.,,,, ji lin da xue,, xue yuan ming cheng: ren gong zhi neng xue yuan,, cheng li shi jian: 2018 nian 5 yue,, zhao sheng ren shu: wei zhi,, ben ke zhuan ye: ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye deng.,, xue yuan guan wang:,, http: sai. jlu. edu. cn xygk. htm,, zong he shui ping: ji lin da xue shi guo nei zui zao cong shi ren gong zhi neng yan jiu de dan wei zhi yi, 1976 nian ji suan ji ke xue xi jian li, 1977 nian wang xiang hao yuan shi zai guo nei shuai xian ju qi le ren gong zhi neng yan jiu de da qi, zhi jin yi you 40 duo nian de li shi, xue xiao zai ren gong zhi neng yan jiu ling yu you zhe bi jiao xiong hou de ke yan ji dian he yu ren ji chu.,, ci wai, tian jin da xue xi an jiao tong da xue zhong guo ren min da xue bei jing shi fan da xue ye cheng li ren gong zhi neng xue yuan, qi zhong, xi an jiao da ren gong zhi neng xue yuan yuan chang you kuang shi ke ji shou xi ke xue jia sun jian dan ren. you yu cheng li shi jian jiao duan, zhe ji suo yuan xiao xiang guan xin xi shang wei wan shan he pi lu, du zhe ke zi xun xue xiao zhao sheng bu men xiang xi de xin xi.,, zhi ci, xin zhi yuan yi jing gei da jia shu li wan ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye bao kao zhi nan, ru you yi wen huan ying da jia liu yan tao lun. zui hou, zhu ge wei kao sheng dou neng jin ru zi ji li xiang de yuan xiao, cheng wei ding jian de AI ren cai.,, qing hua da xue ji suan ji xi ke cheng gong lue:,, https: github. com PKUanonym REKCARCTSCUHT,, shang hai jiao tong da xue ke cheng zi liao fen xiang:,, https: github. com CoolPhilChen SJTUCourses,, can kao lian jie:,, https: zhuanlan. zhihu. com p 68474477,, ben wen lai zi wei xin gong zhong hao: xin zhi yuan ID: AI_era, lai yuan: zhi hu qing hua da xue bei jing da xue deng, bian ji: jin lei zhang jia peng fei, biao ti tu lai zi shi jue zhong guo, yuan biao ti AI zhi yuan chao qiang gong lue zhong guo gao xiao ren gong zhi neng zhuan ye zui quan yuan xiao pai ming amp ke cheng dui bi

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獐子岛:否认出售土地使用权盈利,预计产生100万元亏损

    

  8月13日晚间,獐子岛(002069)集团股份有限公司(002069,下称“獐子岛”)对一周前出售子公司资产一事发布补充公告,强调出售该资产并未获得盈利,而是亏损了100万元。

    

  8月9日,獐子岛公告称,将全资子公司大连獐子岛玻璃钢船舶制造有限公司(简称“玻璃钢船舶”)的一宗土地使用权以6075万元出售给临海装备。

    

  獐子岛在公告中称,为提高资产使用效率、优化资产结构、降低管理成本,将全资子公司玻璃钢船舶位于大连市甘井子区大连湾街道前盐村一宗土广西富川2017今日新闻_皇家国际-18088049999地使用权出售给临海装备。交易涉及的土地宗地面积达48416.5平方米,用途为工业用地。截至今年6月30日,该宗土地使用权账面值为4569.44万元,土地使用权终止期限至2065年6月22日,评估价值为4812.6万元。

    

  本次资产的交易价格以评估值为基础定价,总价款为6075万元,比评估的4569.44万元溢价陆川沙坡今日新闻_皇家国际-180880499991262.4万元。临海装备最终将以高出评估价值26.23%的价格完成本次交易。这一举动令人匪夷所思。

    

  8月13日,獐子岛发布公告,对此次交易进行了补充说明。公司在公告中提到,在北京中天华出具的评估报告中,贵州今日新闻联播直播视频_皇家国际-18088049999纳入评估范上海青浦区今日新闻_皇家国际-18088049999围的土地使用权的评估价值为4812.60万元,但是“上述评估价值仅为该土地使用权的市场价值,未包含地块范围内现有的构筑物、附着物等在建工程价值,也未考虑用于土地购置及在建工程资金支出的资金成本”。

    

  关于上述定价的依据,獐子岛解释称:“本次交易定价系交易双方在土地使用权评估值的基础上,考虑到船舶公司以前年度发生的0020发土地及在建工程投入、后续土地清理支出及资金占用成本等,以及该地块与交易对方现有地块与业务的协同价值,经过交易双方充分谈判协商而确定的。”

    

  据獐子岛透露,虽然本次资产出售交易金额有所溢价,但是经过初步测算,扣除船舶公司土地账面价值、交易税费等支出,预计本次交易产生的账面损益约为亏损100万元。

    

    

    

    

(责任编辑:李莹 HN016)

    

&nbs东莞长安今日新闻_皇家国际-18088049999p;   

    

   &今日新闻福建_皇家国际-18088049999nbsp;

    


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